|Appearance||-||White crystalline powder|
|Sulphated ash||wt%||0.8 max|
|Melting point||deg C||124-127|
|Solubility at 20°C||g/1000g water||700|
Nicotinamide is also called vitamin B3 or vitamin PP, is a kind of water-soluble vitamin, belong to B vitamin, as NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NAD) and NADP (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, NADP) composition, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation properties of nicotinamide in the body part of this two kinds of structure of coenzyme the reversible, play a role of hydrogen delivery in biological oxidation, can promote tissue respiration, biological oxidation process and the new supersedes the old, having a great significance in maintaining normal tissue, especially the integrity of the skin digestive tract and the nervous system.
In feed industry nicotinamide is source of vitamin B3 and approved for use in all animal species by the EU-Feed Law. Important precursor in the energy metabolism, nicotinamide is indispenable for securing optimum performance. High dosages frequently exert positive effects, e.g. on health and performance dairy cows.